Xiaoshu Lu

Associate Professor (tenure track)

School of Technology and Innovations, Energy Technology
+358 29 449 8520
Yliopistonranta 10, 65200 Vaasa
Fabriikki F212A


Tang Aoqing Professor, College of Construction Engineering, Key Laboratory of Drilling Technology in Complex Conditions of Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Jilin University, China

Senior Researcher, Civil Engineering Department, Aalto University, Finland


PostDoc, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

PhD, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

MSc, Jilin University, China

BSc, Jilin University, China


2006 UK Napier Shaw Bronze Medal from British Engineering Society Chartered Institution of Building Service Engineers (CIBSE), UK.https://www.cibse.org/building-services/building-services-awards/honorary-fellows-and-medallists

2013 Finland Best 2012 Research Paper Competition from the School of Engineering, Aalto University, Finland


· Lü X., Lu T., Kibert C., Viljanen M. (2015) Modeling and forecasting energy consumption for heterogeneous buildings using a physical-statistical approach. Applied Energy, Vol. 144, p.261-275 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261914012689

· Lü X., Lu T., Viljanen M., Kibert C. (2014) A novel dynamic modeling approach for predicting building energy performance. Applied Energy, Vol. 114, p.91-103 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261913007411

·Lü X., Lu T., Viljanen M., Kibert C. (2013) A new method for controlling CO2 in buildings with unscheduled opening hours. Energy and Buildings, Vol 59, p161-170 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778812006731

·Lu T., X., Kibert C., Viljanen M. (2015) A hybrid numerical-neural-network model for building simulation: A case study for the simulation of unheated and uncooled indoor temperature. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 86, p. 723-734 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037877881400869X

· Lu T., Lü X., Viljanen M. (2014) Prediction of water evaporation rate for indoor swimming hall using neural networks. Energy and Buildings, Vol 81, p268-280 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037877881400509X

· Lü X., Sun, Y., Lu T., Bai F., Viljanen M. (2014) An efficient and general analytical approach to modelling pyrolysis kinetics of oil shale. Fuel, Vol. 135, p.182-187 www.scienedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016236114005663

· Peng W., Xu M., Huai X, Liu Z, Lü X. (2017)  Performance evaluation of oscillating flow regenerators filled with particles, wire screens and high porosity open-cell foams, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol 112, p. 1612?1625 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359431116325984

    · Lu T., Lü X., Remes M., Viljanen M. (2011) Investigation of air management and energy performance in a data center in Finland: Case study. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 43, No. 12, p3360-3372

    · Lu T., Lü X., Knuutila A., Viljanen M. (2011) A novel and dynamic demand-controlled ventilation strategy for CO2 control and energy saving in buildings. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 43, No. 9, p2499-2508 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778811002532

      · Lu T., Lü X., Knuutila A., Viljanen M. (2009) A novel methodology for estimating space air change rates and occupant CO2 generation rates from measurements in mechanically-ventilated buildings. Building and Environment, Vol. 45, p1161?1172 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360132309003242

        · Collins S., Kuoppamäki K., Kotze D.J., Lü X. (2017). Thermal behavior of green roofs under Nordic winter conditions, Building and Environment, Vol 122, p 206-214 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360132317302548

        · Sun Y., Bai F., Lü X., Li Q., Liu Y., Guo M., Guo W., Liu B. (2015) Novel energy-efficient pyrolysis process: self-pyrolysis of oil shale triggered by topo-chemical heat in a horizontal fixed bed, Nature Scientific Reports ,Vol:5, Article number: 8290. www.nature.com/articles/srep08290

          · Lü X., Takala E-P. (2008) A novel mathematical approach for modelling and characterising time-dependent musculoskeletal outcomes for office staff. Statistics in Medicine, Vol. 27, p4549-4568. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hfm.20151/full

          · Sun Y., Wu H., Li M., Meng Q., Gao K., Lü X., Liu B. (2016) The Effect of ZrO2 Nanoparticles on the Microstructure and Properties of Sintered WC?Bronze-Based Diamond Composites, Materials, Vol 9 (5), 343; doi: 10.3390/ma9050343  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5503043/

            · Lu T., Lü X., Kibert C. Puttonen J. (2016) The application of linear regression and the power law relationship of air-side heat transfer with field measurements to model the performance of run-around heat recovery systems, Energy and Buildings, Vol.110, p453?467 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778815303406

            · Lü X., Tervola P., Viljanen M. (2006) Transient analytical solution to heat conduction in composite circular cylinder. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 49, p 341-348. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0017931005004400

            · Lü X., Lu T., Pentala V., Lethtinen T. (2004) Studying of heat and moisture transport for concrete sandwich panel wall construction. Journal of Building Service Engineering Research and Technology, Vol 24, No. 4, p313-322. journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1191/0143624404bt081oa

              · Lü X., Leino-Arjas P., Piha K., Aittomäki A., Saastamoinen P., Rahkonen O., Lahelma, E. (2010) On sickness absence, employment history and high risk employees: a ten-year longitudinal study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 52, p913?919.

                · Lü X., Viljanen M. (2006) An analytical method to solve heat conduction in layered spheres with time dependent boundary conditions. Physics Letters A, Vol. 351, p274-282.www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0375960105017317

                · Lü X., Tervola P. (2005) Transient heat conduction in composite slab ? analytical method. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Vol. 38, p81-96. iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0305-4470/38/1/005/pdf

                · Lü X., Tervola P., Viljanen M. (2005) A new analytical method to solve heat equation for multi-dimensional composite slab. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Vol. 38, p2873-2890. iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0305-4470/38/13/004

                · Lü X., Tervola P., Viljanen M. (2005) A novel and efficient analytical method for calculation of transient temperature field in multi-dimensional composite slab. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Vol. 38, p8337-8351. iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0305-4470/38/39/003/meta

                · Lü X., Tervola P., Viljanen M. (2005) An efficient analytical solution to transient heat conduction in a one-dimensional hollow composite cylinder. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Vol. 38, 10145-10155. iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0305-4470/38/47/007

                · Lü X., Tervola P., Viljanen M. (2006) Transient analytical solution to heat conduction in multi-dimensional composite cylinder slab. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 49, p 1107-1114.iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0305-4470/38/1/005/meta

                · Lü X., Lu T., Viljanen M. (2006) A new analytical method to simulate heat transfer process in buildings. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol 26, N0 16, 1901-1909. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359431106000263

                · Lü X., Ahl J. (2005) Studying of salt diffusion coefficient in brick - analytical and numerical methods. Journal of Material Science, Vol. 40, No 14, p 3795-3802.link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10853-005-3321-9

                · Ahl J., Lü X. (2005) Modelling of salt diffusion behaviour in brick. Journal of Material Science, Vol. 42, No 7, p 2512-2520.  link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10853-006-1005-8

                · Lü X. (2003) Estimation of indoor moisture generation rate from measurement in buildings. Buildings and Environment, Vol 38, p665-675 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360132302002378

                · Lü X., Viljanen M. (2002) Determination of salt diffusion coefficient in brick: Analytical methods. Transport in Porous Media, Vol. 49, p241-246. link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1016054300080

                · Lü X. (2002) Modelling heat and moisture transfer in buildings: (I) Model program. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 34, No. 10, p1033-1043 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037877880200021X

                · Lü X. (2002) Modelling heat and moisture transfer in buildings: (II) Application to indoor thermal and moisture control. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 34, No. 10, p1045-1054 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778802000221

                · Lü X., Viljanen M. (2001) Controlling building indoor temperature and reducing heating cost through night heating electric stove. Energy and Buildings, Vol 33, No. 8, p865-873 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778801000706

                · Lü X., Clements-Croome D., Viljanen M. (2009) Past, present and future mathematical models for buildings: focus on intelligent buildings (I). Intelligent Building International Journal, Vol 1, No. 1, p23-38.www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3763/inbi.2009.0009

                · Lü X., Clements-Croome D., Viljanen M. (2009) Past, present and future mathematical models for buildings: focus on intelligent buildings (II). Intelligent Building International Journal, Vol 1, No. 2, p131-141.www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3763/inbi.2009.0024

                · Lü X., Toivonen R., Takala E-P. (2009) Exploring time-dependent health outcomes for office staff. Human Factors and Ergonomics Manufacturing, Vol 19, No. 3, p241-253. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hfm.20151/pdf

                · Fernandez-Solis J., Lü X. (2012) Building construction: a deterministic non-periodic flow-a case study of chaos theories in tracking production flow, Architectural Engineering and Design Management, p1-28. http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/tErsIqB73Mq7U59YZeWv/full.

                  · Fernandez-Solis J., Rybkowski Z.K., Xiao C., Lü X., L.S. Chae. (2015). General contractor's project of projects ? a meta-project: understanding the new paradigm and its implications through the lens of entropy. Architectural Engineering and Design Management. Vol. 11, No. 3, 213-42. www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17452007.2014.892470

                  · Lü X., Lu T., Viljanen M. (2012) Field analysis for sustainable data centers. International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, Vol.3, No.2, p120-128. www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2093761X.2012.696323

                  · Lü X., Clements-Croome D., Viljanen M. (2010) Integration of chaos theory and mathematical models in building simulation. Part I: literature review. Automation in Construction, Vol. 19, p447-451. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926580510000051

                  · Lü X., Clements-Croome D., Viljanen M. (2010) Integration of chaos theory and mathematical models in building simulation. Part II: Conceptual frameworks. Automation in Construction, Vol. 19, p452-457.www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092658051000006

                  · Sun Y., Bai F., Liu B., Guo M., Guo W., Wang Q., Lü X., Fang Y., Fang F. (2014) Characterization of the oil shale products derived via topochemical reaction method. Fuel, Vol. 115, p338-346 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016236113006285

                  · Sun Y.,  Lü X., Guo W. (2014) A review on simulation models for exploration and exploitation of natural gas hydrate. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 7, No. 6.  p 2199-2214. link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12517-014-1294-1

                  · Sun Y.,  Li B., Guo W., Lü X., Zhang, Y., Li K., Wang P.,Jin G., Jia, R., Qu Li. (2014) Comparative analysis of the production trial and numerical simulations of gas production from multilayer hydrate deposits in the Qilian Mountain permafrost. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering , Vol. 21, p 456-466. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875510014002650

                  · Sun Y., Wang Y., Lü X., Jia R., Guo W. (2015) Hole-bottom freezing method for gas hydrate sampling. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, Vol. 25, p 271?283. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875510015001973

                  · Bai F., Guo W., Lü X., Liu Y., Guo M., Li Q., Sun Y., (2015) Kinetic study on the pyrolysis behavior of Huadian oil shale via non-isothermal thermogravimetric data. Fuel, Vol. 146, p 111-118 www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016236114012824

                  · Lü X., Takala, E. P., Toppila, E., Marjanen, Y., Kaila-Kangas, L. Lu T. (2016) Optimal sampling for modelling whole-body vibration. Ergonomics. Vol 11.p. 1-11. www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00140139.2016.1250957

                  · Ma S., Sun Y., Wang H., Lü X., Qian M., Ma Y., Zhang C., Liu B. (2017) Effect of a minor Sr modifier on the microstructures and mechanical properties of 7075 T6 Al alloys. Metals. Vol 7(1), 13; doi:10.3390/met7010013. https://www.semanticscholar.org/.../Effect-of-a-Minor-Sr-Modifier

                  · Zhao D., Sun Z., Zhao Y., Lü X., Tan X. (2017) Experimental study and numerical modeling of erosion-corrosion of J55 steel in brine of huanghe (Yellow) river valley. Journal of Residuals Science & Technology, Vol 14 (1), p.235-243 dpi-journals.com/index.php/JRST/article/view/2522

                  · Lü X, Lu T, Kibert C, Vahtikari K, Hughes M. (2018) A dynamic modeling approach for simulating climate change impact on energy and hygrothermal performances of wood buildings, Building Simulation, Vol. 11, p497?506. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12273-017-0421-9

                  · Taghinia J, M. Rahman M,  Lü X (2018) Effects of different CFD modeling approaches and simplification of shape on prediction of flow field around manikin, Energy and Buildings, Vol 170, p47-60 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778817335648

                  · Fenner A., Kibert, C., Woo J., Morque S., Hakin H., Lü X. (2018) The carbon footprint of buildings: A review of methodologies and applications, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 94, p. 1142-1152 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032118305069

                  ·Guo W., Wang Z., Sun Z.,Sun Y., Lü X., Deng S., Qu L., Yuan W., Li Q. (2019) Experimental investigation on performance of downhole electric heaters with continuous helical baffles used in oil shale in-situ pyrolysis, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 94, p. 1142-1152 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.11.013

                  Publications and expert tasks

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